In order to accomplish top quality criterions for Higher Education, Supreme Education Council along with Qatar Foundation, Ministry of Education and other taking establishments in state are planing policies that will assist them in get the better ofing the barriers and challenges that are haltering required patterned advance of this sector. The chief challenged being faced by Higher Education sector are deficiency of qualified instructors who can actuate pupils to get higher instruction, improper information handiness about assorted calling chances both within the state and in foreign states, deficient counsel on geting instruction that will assist them in doing a prospering calling, deficiency of national course of study that provides proper counsel to instructors on fixing pupils for higher instruction, English linguistic communication criterion is incompatible with international university criterion and turning demand of acquiring occupation at an early phase as opposed to obtaining higher instruction ( Coughlan, 2012 ; Nasser, 2012 ; UNDP, 2012 ) .
One major challenge that is impeding the advancement of Higher Education Sector is less figure of male pupils and increasing dropout rate of pupils at secondary instruction degree ( ElGahnem, 2012 ) . The worsening figure of male pupils in higher instruction is because of their duty of back uping their household and they easy get attracted to occupations that require fewer accomplishments. Most of the pupils lack vision about their hereafter surveies and are loath to research new countries of surveies ; late, the demand of alumnuss in health care, research and technological Fieldss has increased and each one offers attractive calling chances for alumnuss who get instruction in these Fieldss. In Qatar, there are less chances for pupils as establishments offering these plans are new 1s and pulling pupils is a spot hard for them ( Khodr, 2011 ) .
Enterprises taken for advancing Higher Education and Role of Overseas Universities
In order to assist pupils in deriving entree to exceed graded universities, public and private organisations are taking immense steps. All concerned governments are working together to undertake challenges being faced by Higher Education sector so that they can supply right counsel to future work force of the state ( Sawahel, 2012 ) . Qatar ‘s authorities has observed that pupils are unable to acquire qualified for admittances in taking universities because they lack the accomplishments and rational capablenesss as instruction system of state does non fit the criterions set by international organic structures. Qatar National Vision 2030 has been launched in November 2008 with the purpose of supplying support to instruction system of the state. In the study, all enterprises that have been taken and those that will be implemented are provided with complete inside informations ( UNDP, 2012 ) .
The foremost enterprise taken is development of Supreme Education Council which is responsible for planing and execution of policies for publicity instruction at all degrees particularly higher instruction so that work force is compatible to run into demands of state ‘s economic system. Second, societal mediums are being used by Qatar Foundation and Ministry of Education to make consciousness about assorted calling chances bing for the pupils along with pulling pupils to acquire enrolled in such plans. Incentives are being offered to pupils so that they are encouraged to get higher instruction such as survey abroad on scholarship and acquiring enrolled in parttime instruction plan along with work ( Khodr, 2011 ) .
In order to supply waies related to vocational and proficient instruction to pupils who can non run into university ‘s admittance standards, they are offered the chance of acquiring enrolled in Diploma classs being offered by Qatar Foundation and other authorities establishments so that they have required set of accomplishments to execute their occupations. One more country of concern that is being addressed to make knowledge-based economic system is encouraging pupils to get grades in mathematics and scientific discipline field and for that educational systems have been reformed ; the full course of study has been changed so that pupils are competent and utilize their rational capablenesss while geting instruction ( Sawahel, 2012 ) .
About all the plans offered by Qatar University in its seven colleges are accredited with international universities and its alumnuss are being extremely demanded by employers in foreign states. Another positive development in the state is creative activity of Education City that comprises of campuses of International Universities from USA, UK, Canada and France that are supplying aid in developing good and extremely skilled professionals. The research civilization is being to a great extent promoted by Qatar University and universities of Education City which comprises of research establishments, partnerships on international degrees and entrepreneurial development with focal point on alliance of state demands to national development ( Coughlan, 2012 ) .
These abroad universities are of import for every state ‘s economic growing as they allow taking advantage of plans being offered by them that are of international criterions. When foreign universities open their campuses in a state, it shows that several state has an attractive work force which when trained decently will be able to do valuable part in long tally. It besides gives signals to other states that Qatar has a batch of human potency which when explored will assist in unlocking assorted undeveloped countries and it even attracts many Foreign Direct Investments in the state as it is viewed as a turning economic system ( ElGahnem, 2012 ) .
Turning Trend of Research and Development
For every state that is willing to do progressive part in its economic system has to guarantee that it is puting appropriate sum of resources in Research and Development field. For case, by development of Research Institutions, it will be able to place countries that are impeding its public presentation globally and will be able to take remedial stairss to hike its public presentation in long tally. Likewise, in Qatar, many research institutes have been developed that are concentrating on assorted countries of research such as physical and societal scientific disciplines, humanistic disciplines, humanistic disciplines, technology and engineering, health care, biomedical, multidisciplinary computer science and etc.
Some of the taking Research Institutes are Qatar National Research Fund, Qatar Science and Technology Park ( QSTP ) , Sidra Medical and Research Center, Qatar Computing Research Institute, Qatar Biomedical Research Institute, RAND-Qatar Policy Institute and many more ( UNDP, 2012 ) . QSTP has gained huge popularity because it ‘s the cardinal hub for invention, entrepreneurship and applied research ; it has coaction with legion research universities that are working towards making rational belongings, new ventures support, development of new merchandises and sweetening of engineering related direction accomplishments. Hence, Research establishments are among the most effectual ways of publicity of higher instruction in Qatar.
Government Role in advancing Higher Education
Harmonizing to UNDP ( 2012 ) , more than 14 % of 2011-2012 full outgo budget of authorities is allocated to youth and instruction public assistance. In order to hike higher instruction sector, authorities is offering assorted scholarship plans and promoting foreign universities to put up their campuses within the state. One major enterprise taken by authorities is relaxation of FDI policies and revenue enhancement rate so that it can be an attractive topographic point for investing. Besides that, it has even become spouse in assorted international pupil exchange plans so that it can give pupils the chances of obtaining top quality instructions from well-known universities. In some instances, authorities gives 100 % grant to meriting pupils by bearing all their educational disbursals. Some preparation establishments have been set up every bit good so that people who have acquired secondary instruction can gain Diploma classs from there and better their opportunities of acquiring good occupations.
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