Paper Topics (Choose one) Consider the scenarios involving the unwilling moral agents of Jim and George in Bernard William’s “Utilitarianism & Integrity”. Describe the events that occur in each scenario (Be detailed your descriptions.) Explain how these events relate to the Brain in a Vat scenario in Robert Nozick’s “The Experience Machine”. Additionally explain how the thought experiments in each article exemplify objections regarding consequentialist judgments. Finally, using the selection from Mill’s Utilitarianism to demonstrate how these objections might be unwarranted. Provide a detailed scenario that demonstrates your formulation of the unwarranted objections. Describe Kant’s line of reasoning in which he arrives at the Categorical Imperative. (Simply stating the Categorical Imperative is not enough to satisfy this question. Describe Kant’s reasoning to the best of your ability. Citing outside sources may be necessary to do this.) What does this imply that all agents must have access to? Is this a reasonable constraint on moral agency and moral decision making? Additionally, consider the Case of the Inquiring Murder once more. Provide a scenario in which it would be in accordance with laws of your country to tell the Inquiring Murder which way the victim went. Describe how this might be in accordance with the Categorical Imperative. Consider Thomas Nagel’s article, “Moral Luck”. State the Control Principle. State the conditions for moral luck and how moral luck results from the Control Principle. Describe Nagel’s four kinds of moral luck. Give examples for how each of these would violate the Control Principle. When viewing Nagel’s position as a response to Kantian ethics, what is the most fundamental way in which we should evaluate moral judgments? Moreover, how does moral luck affect consequentialist judgments? Provide scenarios for instances in which moral luck might complicate both Kantian and consequentialist judgments (Make sure your scenarios include resolutions.)
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